Scientists and researchers' attraction to Electric Vehicles continuously grow each day; one of the main reasons is the rising concern of climate change and carbon dioxide emission in the environment. The first electric vehicles were expensive, low top speed and less distance of travel for battery electric cars.

The effort to gradually rid of the usage of fossil fuels is set into motion. Programs are set for independence from hydrocarbon fuels, charging stations are on the order of battle and is a requirement to augment in the success of an efficient electric vehicle project. A 2012 report from the State of Hawaii, U.S.A. adopts a program and allocate funds for the citizenry in purchasing brand new Electric Vehicles and charging equipment with rebate offerings.

Hawaii's rebate program for Electric Vehicle owners is available to Hawaiian residents, businesses, government agencies and nonprofit organizations. The rebates start at 20 percent for the purchase of the EVs at a maximum of $4,500 per car. A 30% discount on charging apparatus and installation costs for the system is at $500, reports Energy Hawaii.

The first modern car that gave attention to its development and functionality is the 2011 Nissan Leaf. Modern developers of Electric Vehicles unanimously point out the main problem of the Leaf, the design lacks thermal conditioning while running for the 24kW battery it packs beneath the floor. A problem that haunted the first Nissan Leaf owners.

The maintenance of the battery's temperature is essential to electric vehicles. Developers use liquid coolants to keep the temperatures low. The Chevrolet Volt and the Tesla S model uses the technology giving active thermal management to their respective Electric Vehicles. This is a lesson the 2011 leaf offers, from Green Car Reports.

More lessons from the Toyota Prius applies to what it is today. Toyota takes those huge steps as a foundation to wage its environmental war. Toyota President Okuda talks about the awakening of the tiger which is the global auto industry and its real competition is about to come. He was right, competitors are from the US and Europe in Electric Vehicle production.

Toyota's success in the Prius opens the introduction to Toyota's upper market brand - The Lexus hybrid. A combination of Petrol and Plug-in electric vehicle. Other car makers join in the fray not only in the global goal to cut down carbon dioxide emissions but an eye on the emerging market is a business interest on the other hand, as reported by Google Books.